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TESOL (Teaching English for speakers of other languages)

This reading explores emergent literacy in young English-language learners.

This resource describes techniques for learning to read.

This article discusses the use of games in teaching vocabulary in language classrooms and describes how games can be an enjoyable part of this process. It offers nine games that can be used to teach words at different stages of the class.

This article discusses the success of Repeated Reading (RR) within EFL classrooms, illustrating three techniques of RR that can be used to develop students’ fluency, comprehension skills, and reading self-esteem. After providing a background on the RR method, the author explains the techniques step by step and suggests activities. The techniques include classic oral repeated reading (ORR), Paired repeated reading (PRR), and Reader’s Theater (RT).

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This article focuses on the development of vocabulary among English language learners. The author first defines what a “word” means, then discusses five aspects of vocabulary knowledge. Drawing on Swain (1993), the author identifies three main goals of vocabulary learning. The rest of the article is devoted to the description of six activities to help students learn vocabulary in ESL/EFL contexts.

An EFL instructor shares ideas on classroom practice after participating in an intensive language program. The author discusses L1 use in the classroom as well as the importance of pronunciation instruction. The article also includes tips on acquiring vocabulary and reasons why pair and group work are good. Finally, the author considers how to support students who may be experiencing communication anxiety as they learn a new language. The article emphasizes a communicative approach and the importance of a friendly classroom environment.

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Many EFL students are already multilingual, but they may not realize the strengths they bring to language learning. This article calls on instructors to help students develop language awareness and guide them to find ways to apply what they know about language. The author shows how this process occurred in a sociolinguistics course and includes sample lessons for all ages and a variety of levels of proficiency. Lessons incorporate the students’ language knowledge in such skill areas as grammar and vocabulary.

The author provides details on a case study she performed to examine the effectiveness of using the native language (L1) in foreign language classrooms. The article describes the details of her research design and her methods and procedures, including classroom observations, interviews, and questionnaires. One hundred first-year English major students in Beijing participated in her study. Included are the results of her study and a comparison of her findings to that of other researchers

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This article discusses conversation classes, drawing from the author’s experience teaching Persian ESL. The author offers eight guidelines for effective teaching: cultivate a relaxed atmosphere (with six suggestions for doing this), be alert and foster alertness, be enthusiastic and engender enthusiasm, be patient, be sensitive, think, listen, and make corrections. The article finishes with a number of suggested topics and activities for promoting conversation.

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"Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel." ~ Socrates
"If your tree brings the fruit of knowledge / it shall bring the sky down to the earth” - Nasir Khusraw (1004 – 1088 AD)
The great aim of education is not knowledge but action. -- Herbert Spencer
Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave. -- Hadith
The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires. ― William Arthur Ward
Asking good questions is half of learning. -- Sufi saying
Those who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them; for these only gave them life, those the art of living well. ― Aristotle
Enlightenment must come little by little-otherwise it would overwhelm. -- Idries Shah
We were scared. But school was where we wanted to be. -- Shabana Basij-Rasikh, Afghan education activist
Seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim, male and female. -- Hadith
Education is a living treasure for all humankind. ~ Ehsan Ullah, Founder, Kandahar Institute of Modern Studies
I have always imagined that paradise will be a kind of library. ~ Jorge Luis Borges
A teacher is a candle that burns to enlighten others. ~ Afghan proverb
There is a path to the top of the highest mountain. ~ Afghan proverb
Drop by drop a river is made. ~ Afghan proverb
We should all attempt to acquire as much knowledge as possible in order that we may render our services to society in the manner of the women of early Islam. -- Queen Soraya of Afghanistan, 1926
If you learn even one word more than yesterday, you will be totally a different person.